Date :17 Apr, 2018
Posted By:Team - Jitin Chawla's
Geography- the Science of Earth, is a diverse term which deals with aerial differentiation of the surface of the earth. Derived from the Greek words 'Geo or Gaea' (Earth) and 'graphein' (to describe or to map), geography literally means 'to describe or write about the earth'. Hence, geography can be described as the study of earth, location and distribution of its physical and cultural features, land forms, climate, soils, vegetation, mineral, water and human resources. Geography is not a mere academic subject, but it involves finding out the facts on earth.
With an increased use of satellite technology and Geographical Information System, geography is becoming a more promising career option than it was ever before. The GIS is a computer-based information system which is used to digitally represent and analyze the geographic features present on the earth surface.
Candidates who have passed 10+2 with high marks in social sciences including geography or equivalent can apply for a bachelor’s in geography which is offered in both arts and science stream (i.e. B.A Geography and B.Sc. Geography). A base in Mathematics, Statistics or Computer Science is needed for pursuing Geography at undergraduate level. On completion of bachelor's degree, an aspirant can pursue masters/ MPhil/ PhD programs in Geography. Bachelor degree with a minimum of 50% marks is required for a Master’s degree and at the master level one can choose any specialization. For some degree courses in selected universities and colleges, there is an entrance test in which the aptitude of aspirants is checked for specialized study of geography. A first –class hons. degree in geography, is generally a prerequisite for admission to a postgraduate course in geography.
You can pursue a lot of career prospects after pursuing a degree in Geography. Some of them are as follows:
1. Cartographer: He/she makes maps, charts, globes and models.
2. Surveyor: Surveyors map the surface of the earth through mathematical observations and field work. He/she can join the Survey of India or state Survey Departments or Private organizations.
3. Drafter: He/she associate closely with engineers and architectures. It involves planning, housing and development projects in terms of their location and utilization.
4. Government job: Central government agencies employ geographers for mapping, intelligence work and remote sensing interpretation. State and local governments employ geographers on planning and development commissions.
5. Urban and regional planner: Concerned with planning, housing and development projects with respect to their location and utilization of available land-space.
6. GIS specialist: City governments, county agencies and other government agencies and private groups are often in need of experienced GIS professionals.
7. Climatologist: Agencies viz. National Weather Service, news media, the Weather Channel and other government entities occasionally need climatologist. A geographer with experience and vast coursework in meteorology and climatology serves as the best climatologist.
8. Transportation manager: The regional transit authorities or shipping, logistics and transportation companies requires in transportation geography.
9. Environmental Manager: The environmental assessment, clean-up and management companies require a geographer for environmental impact reports. It's often a wide-open field with tremendous growth opportunities.
10. Science (Geography) writer: One can serve as a science writer or a travel writer for a magazine or newspaper.
11. Researcher: Many Government and non-government institutes along with research centres offers several career options for qualified geographers with numerous specializations.
12. Teacher/Professor: The college teachers, school teachers and university teacher. Depending upon the experience and degrees obtained.
13. Demographer: In government and research organizations.
14. Government officer: Geographical Survey of India/State and Central government provides job opportunities.
Geographers provide their services in a wide array of diverse fields and as there are comparatively few geographers, they are in high demand both nationally and internationally and their career stability is also very high. The monthly income depends on the potential, experience, seniority and also the organization. Probably private companies pay awesome wage along with other benefits, when compared with the government and public organization. However, the initial package is not as lucrative as the other hot careers. In the field of geography, a qualified person can expect a starting salary somewhere around Rs. 25,000 - 55,000 per month. After a couple of months or years, it may vary tremendously.
GIS-specialized Geographers are in great demand when compared to the other specializations. Development in the field of geography depends on experience and additional education.
Top Institutes/Universities to pursue a course in Geography at either of the educational levels are:
· University of Delhi, New Delhi
· Mumbai University, Mumbai
· Banasthali Vidyapeeth, Rajasthan
· Jamia MilliaIslamia, New Delhi
· Presidency College, Chennai
· Madras Christian College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
· Lady Brabourne College, Kolkata, West Bengal
· Osmania College, Hyderabad
· Punjab University, Punjab
· North Bengal University, West Bengal
· Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
· Allahabad University, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
· Dr. D Y Patil Arts Science and Commerce College, Maharashtra
· Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab
· Lucknow University, Lucknow
· Pune University, Pune
· Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi: Only a Master’s level course in Geography is offered at Jawaharlal Nehru University
For more information regarding making a career in Geography, come visit us at our office, Jitin Chawla’s Centre for Career Development! With a clear understanding of your academic background, we would be able to help you better.