FOOD SCIENCE

Date :15 Nov, 2018

Posted By:Team - Jitin Chawla's


blog_image_one

FOOD SCIENCE

Introduction

Earlier, India was only addressing the problem of malnutrition. Today, the health scenario has changed drastically. Despite economic boom, India has enormous under/over-nutrition problem. Hence, a career in Food Science, that is, Food and Nutrition, has become prevalent and of utmost importance in India.

Diet plays a major role in promotion of health and well being of individual. A good and balanced diet habit improves the quality of life while poor diet may lead to morbidity and diseases. Nutritionists and dietetics are concerned with this aspect. While dietetics is related to food management, nutrition is related to promotion of health. Due to changes in food habits of most of the urban population, role of nutritionists and dieticians is becoming more important.

Dietetics is the science and art of feeding individuals based on the principles of nutrition. It can also be said to be the “science and art of human nutritional care.” Similarly, nutrition is a science that investigates the metabolic and physiological responses of the body to food and diet and the role of nutrients in the cause, treatment, and prevention of disease.

In layman’s terms, this means that professionals in diet and nutrition do more than push fruits and vegetables. Their understanding of the relationship between diet, health, and disease allows them to teach and counsel people on healthy food selection, food preparation, and good eating habits.

Skills required to succeed in the field of Food Science

Regardless of the type of career in food and nutrition one chooses, possessing certain skills is vital to becoming an effective professional in dietetics. They are:

·         Interest in food/ food preparation

·         Good communication and listening skills to interact with people, individually and in groups

·         Ability to advice and teach others

·         Good judgment and decision-making skills

·         Writing skills to produce reports, documentation, leaflets

·         Good research skills

·         Good Problem-solving skills

·         Patience and a genuine concern for fellow beings

·         Planning, administrative skills and organisational ability

·         Ability to assess and perceive others’ feelings and reactions correctly

·         Flexibility and open-mindedness

Focus of Food Science Degree

Unlike pure science, nutrition is an applied science. It brings out effective and sustainable solutions to problem. To be eligible, one should be from a science background (PCB). The study also supports other aspects like psychology, sociology and history.

You can opt for a nutrition course after 10+2. There are numerous programmes available at the graduate, postgraduate level, and course combinations, also.

There are two types of programmes at Bachelor’s level: BSc Home Science (Pass) and BSc Home Science (Honours). In BSc Home Science (Hons), a student can specialise in Food and Nutrition in the second and third year, whereas in the Pass programme, there is no specialisation. The Honours programme admits only students from science backgrounds as its subjects include Biochemistry, Botany, Physics, Zoology and Chemistry. Thus, if you are not good in subjects like biology, chemistry, physics  at the school level, then you are likely to struggle with the course curriculum.
The top two colleges at Delhi University, Lady Irwin College and Institute of Home Economics, allow students from both science and non-science backgrounds.

At the postgraduate level, you can either do a one-year Post Graduate Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health Nutrition (DDPHN) or a two-year Master’s programme, such as, M.Sc Food and Nutrition.
The MSc Food and Nutrition allows you to specialise in one of these areas such as Therapeutic Nutrition, Health Nutrition or Food Science. M Sc comprises of general subjects such as Research Methods and Computer applications, Biochemistry, Food Microbiology and Food Safety, Food Science and Quality Control, Advanced Human Nutrition, Physiology and Principles of Food Science.
If you want to pursue research in this field, you can opt for  institutes which spend majority of their time on research such as Nutrition Foundation of India (NFI). One can also look at the National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, a renowned research institute in India. 

Careers after Food Science Degree

For practising Dieticians and Nutritionists, settings in which food and nutrition careers can be found include schools, hospitals and other medical facilities, long-term care facilities, corporations, food manufacturing industries, community and public health organizations, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. These careers include performing research at colleges, universities, and governmental/private research facilities, helping governmental and private agencies set policies used to develop and administer nutrition programs, and overseeing product development and quality control in private food companies/corporations.

1.      Clinical Dietetics/Nutrition: Prepare diet charts and monitor and maintain records. Take care of the eating habits of people suffering from diabetics, heart diseases, obesity etc. at hospitals, nursing homes, weight management clinics, health resorts, wellness spas, fitness centres. They also provide consulting services for healthy options to various organisational setups such as Hospitals, Schools, Businesses, etc.

2.      Teaching, Research and Development: Research and development involves conducting research on various food items to ensure their quality as well as studying the effects of various types of diet on the body chemistry in labs. The research dietician or nutritionists do research on nutritive value of food which helps to understand the various components of food we eat and the right type of food which provides a balanced mix of the essentials like vitamins, minerals etc. needed for the human body. They also can opt for research career mainly in universities, public or private sector research institutes, food product manufacturing companies and hospitals. Teaching the science of nutrition of dietetics in colleges and universities is also a good option.

3.      Government Sector and other organisations: They can work with government hospitals, government’s health department, schools, colleges, factories and office cafeterias for planning nutritional regiment.They essentially work for social welfare at Public health departments, which help at community levels to improve the health of the public.

4.      Food Service/Institutional Catering:Their work here involves planning, supervising and preparing nutritious and well-balanced meals for schools, colleges, restaurants, factories or office cafeterias.

5.      Food Product Companies: This involves planning and researching new products and check the nutritional quality of their products.

6.      Business and Industry:Dieticians/ Nutritionists in this area would work in marketing, public relations, quality control and research development for Food Manufacturers, Nutraceutical Companies, Pharmaceutical Companies, Food Service Vendors, Food Service Contract Management and Trade Associations.

7.      Sports and Health Clubs: They can also work for sports hostels and athletes camps. Health and recreation clubs, canteen and nursing care facilities also require the services of nutritionists and dietitians. Employment opportunities are also open to them in catering department of star hotels and restaurants.

8.      Mass Media: Moreover they could find openings in the mass media where top priority is given to disseminating vital information on healthy living. The work would essentially involve engagement in producing books, articles, promotions, television programmes on optimum dietary practices (TV, radio, magazines, newspapers).

9.      Gyms and Slimming Centres

Top Employers

The top employers in the Food and Nutrition sector involve Governmental organisations, UN organisations, FMCGs, Research and Development Institutes, Schools and Colleges.

1.      Government bodies: Many are hiring nutritionists for social welfare and developmental work. They also work in public health departments. There are a sizeable number of nutritionists working as Advisor, Technical Advisor or Deputy Advisor. 

Missions such as ICDS, NHRM, etc. have started hiring nutritionists. Moreover, there are institutions such as Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), Diabetic Foundation of India, Nutrition Foundation of India, Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) which keeps nutritionists in the research domain.

2.      FMCGs and Pharmaceutical companies:FMCGs such as Nestle, Cadbury, Unilever and Pharmaceutical companies such as Glaxosmith Kline (GSK), Eli, Lilly, Novartis, etc. require nutritionists in two areas, that is, Research and Development and Medical Marketing.

3.      International Food Organizations: United Nations’ Organisations such as UNICEF are hiring nutritionists at a regular pace.

Pay Scale
The pay scale varies depending on the area of location, education and experience. For instance, a nutritionist in a small town would be paid less as compared to one working in a metro, while a dietician in a hospital may earn less than a dietician with his or her own practice. 
A fresher can earn between Rs. 15,000 to 20,000 per month. After gaining a good experience, you may touch Rs. 30,000 plus. Nutritionists working in the private sector will have differing pay amounts.

FOOD SCIENCE

Date :15 Nov, 2018

Posted By:Team - Jitin Chawla's


blog_image_one

FOOD SCIENCE

Introduction

Earlier, India was only addressing the problem of malnutrition. Today, the health scenario has changed drastically. Despite economic boom, India has enormous under/over-nutrition problem. Hence, a career in Food Science, that is, Food and Nutrition, has become prevalent and of utmost importance in India.

Diet plays a major role in promotion of health and well being of individual. A good and balanced diet habit improves the quality of life while poor diet may lead to morbidity and diseases. Nutritionists and dietetics are concerned with this aspect. While dietetics is related to food management, nutrition is related to promotion of health. Due to changes in food habits of most of the urban population, role of nutritionists and dieticians is becoming more important.

Dietetics is the science and art of feeding individuals based on the principles of nutrition. It can also be said to be the “science and art of human nutritional care.” Similarly, nutrition is a science that investigates the metabolic and physiological responses of the body to food and diet and the role of nutrients in the cause, treatment, and prevention of disease.

In layman’s terms, this means that professionals in diet and nutrition do more than push fruits and vegetables. Their understanding of the relationship between diet, health, and disease allows them to teach and counsel people on healthy food selection, food preparation, and good eating habits.

Skills required to succeed in the field of Food Science

Regardless of the type of career in food and nutrition one chooses, possessing certain skills is vital to becoming an effective professional in dietetics. They are:

·         Interest in food/ food preparation

·         Good communication and listening skills to interact with people, individually and in groups

·         Ability to advice and teach others

·         Good judgment and decision-making skills

·         Writing skills to produce reports, documentation, leaflets

·         Good research skills

·         Good Problem-solving skills

·         Patience and a genuine concern for fellow beings

·         Planning, administrative skills and organisational ability

·         Ability to assess and perceive others’ feelings and reactions correctly

·         Flexibility and open-mindedness

Focus of Food Science Degree

Unlike pure science, nutrition is an applied science. It brings out effective and sustainable solutions to problem. To be eligible, one should be from a science background (PCB). The study also supports other aspects like psychology, sociology and history.

You can opt for a nutrition course after 10+2. There are numerous programmes available at the graduate, postgraduate level, and course combinations, also.

There are two types of programmes at Bachelor’s level: BSc Home Science (Pass) and BSc Home Science (Honours). In BSc Home Science (Hons), a student can specialise in Food and Nutrition in the second and third year, whereas in the Pass programme, there is no specialisation. The Honours programme admits only students from science backgrounds as its subjects include Biochemistry, Botany, Physics, Zoology and Chemistry. Thus, if you are not good in subjects like biology, chemistry, physics  at the school level, then you are likely to struggle with the course curriculum.
The top two colleges at Delhi University, Lady Irwin College and Institute of Home Economics, allow students from both science and non-science backgrounds.

At the postgraduate level, you can either do a one-year Post Graduate Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health Nutrition (DDPHN) or a two-year Master’s programme, such as, M.Sc Food and Nutrition.
The MSc Food and Nutrition allows you to specialise in one of these areas such as Therapeutic Nutrition, Health Nutrition or Food Science. M Sc comprises of general subjects such as Research Methods and Computer applications, Biochemistry, Food Microbiology and Food Safety, Food Science and Quality Control, Advanced Human Nutrition, Physiology and Principles of Food Science.
If you want to pursue research in this field, you can opt for  institutes which spend majority of their time on research such as Nutrition Foundation of India (NFI). One can also look at the National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, a renowned research institute in India. 

Careers after Food Science Degree

For practising Dieticians and Nutritionists, settings in which food and nutrition careers can be found include schools, hospitals and other medical facilities, long-term care facilities, corporations, food manufacturing industries, community and public health organizations, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. These careers include performing research at colleges, universities, and governmental/private research facilities, helping governmental and private agencies set policies used to develop and administer nutrition programs, and overseeing product development and quality control in private food companies/corporations.

1.      Clinical Dietetics/Nutrition: Prepare diet charts and monitor and maintain records. Take care of the eating habits of people suffering from diabetics, heart diseases, obesity etc. at hospitals, nursing homes, weight management clinics, health resorts, wellness spas, fitness centres. They also provide consulting services for healthy options to various organisational setups such as Hospitals, Schools, Businesses, etc.

2.      Teaching, Research and Development: Research and development involves conducting research on various food items to ensure their quality as well as studying the effects of various types of diet on the body chemistry in labs. The research dietician or nutritionists do research on nutritive value of food which helps to understand the various components of food we eat and the right type of food which provides a balanced mix of the essentials like vitamins, minerals etc. needed for the human body. They also can opt for research career mainly in universities, public or private sector research institutes, food product manufacturing companies and hospitals. Teaching the science of nutrition of dietetics in colleges and universities is also a good option.

3.      Government Sector and other organisations: They can work with government hospitals, government’s health department, schools, colleges, factories and office cafeterias for planning nutritional regiment.They essentially work for social welfare at Public health departments, which help at community levels to improve the health of the public.

4.      Food Service/Institutional Catering:Their work here involves planning, supervising and preparing nutritious and well-balanced meals for schools, colleges, restaurants, factories or office cafeterias.

5.      Food Product Companies: This involves planning and researching new products and check the nutritional quality of their products.

6.      Business and Industry:Dieticians/ Nutritionists in this area would work in marketing, public relations, quality control and research development for Food Manufacturers, Nutraceutical Companies, Pharmaceutical Companies, Food Service Vendors, Food Service Contract Management and Trade Associations.

7.      Sports and Health Clubs: They can also work for sports hostels and athletes camps. Health and recreation clubs, canteen and nursing care facilities also require the services of nutritionists and dietitians. Employment opportunities are also open to them in catering department of star hotels and restaurants.

8.      Mass Media: Moreover they could find openings in the mass media where top priority is given to disseminating vital information on healthy living. The work would essentially involve engagement in producing books, articles, promotions, television programmes on optimum dietary practices (TV, radio, magazines, newspapers).

9.      Gyms and Slimming Centres

Top Employers

The top employers in the Food and Nutrition sector involve Governmental organisations, UN organisations, FMCGs, Research and Development Institutes, Schools and Colleges.

1.      Government bodies: Many are hiring nutritionists for social welfare and developmental work. They also work in public health departments. There are a sizeable number of nutritionists working as Advisor, Technical Advisor or Deputy Advisor. 

Missions such as ICDS, NHRM, etc. have started hiring nutritionists. Moreover, there are institutions such as Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), Diabetic Foundation of India, Nutrition Foundation of India, Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) which keeps nutritionists in the research domain.

2.      FMCGs and Pharmaceutical companies:FMCGs such as Nestle, Cadbury, Unilever and Pharmaceutical companies such as Glaxosmith Kline (GSK), Eli, Lilly, Novartis, etc. require nutritionists in two areas, that is, Research and Development and Medical Marketing.

3.      International Food Organizations: United Nations’ Organisations such as UNICEF are hiring nutritionists at a regular pace.

Pay Scale
The pay scale varies depending on the area of location, education and experience. For instance, a nutritionist in a small town would be paid less as compared to one working in a metro, while a dietician in a hospital may earn less than a dietician with his or her own practice. 
A fresher can earn between Rs. 15,000 to 20,000 per month. After gaining a good experience, you may touch Rs. 30,000 plus. Nutritionists working in the private sector will have differing pay amounts.