Date :01 Mar, 2018
Apart from being a matter of honour and pride, being a part of the Indian Armed Forces is coveted career path. The Armed Forces give you opportunities which no other organization can. From climbing mountains to working with the latest and the best technologies, and to be with a group of people who have a mission along with patriotism, Armed Forces is a unique career option.
The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of India which consist of four professional uniformed services: The Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard. The various paramilitary organizations and various inter-service institutions also help the Indian Armed Forces. With strength of over 1.4 million active personnel, it is the world's 2nd largest military force and has the world's largest volunteer army. It is important to note that the Central Armed Police Forces, which are commonly and incorrectly referred to as 'Paramilitary Forces', are headed by officers from the Indian Police Service and are under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs, not the Ministry of Defence.
Recruitment in Indian Armed Forces
The Indian Armed Forces symbolize the ideals of service, patriotism and composite culture of the country. Recruitment to the Armed Forces is voluntary and open to all citizens of India irrespective of caste, class, religion and community, provided the laid down physical, medical and educational criteria are met.The recruitment process of Defence Forces is quite rigorous and each of them involve different procedures.
UPSC Recruitment of Commissioned Officers:The Union Public Service Commission recruits the Commissioned Officers in the Armed Forces by conducting mainly two pan-India Competitive Examinations:
· National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Defence Academy (NA): The UPSC holds entrance examination twice a year for entry into the NDA and Naval Academy. Candidates on completion of 10+2 examination or while in the 12th standard are eligible to compete.
· Combined Defence Service Examination : CDSE is conducted by the UPSC twice a year. University graduates or those in final year of graduation are eligible to appear in the examination. Successful candidates join the Indian Military Academy/Air Force Academy and Naval Academy for Permanent Commission and Officers Training Academy (OTA) for Short Service Commission.
· Short Service Commission (Technical) Entry : The Short Service Commission (Technical) Entry Scheme provides avenues to eligible technical graduates/post graduates for recruitment in Technical Arms. After SSB and Medical Board, the selected candidates are required to undergo approximately 49 weeks pre-commission training at OTA, Chennai.
The recruitment for Armed Forces after 10+2 are partaken at the following Inter-Service Institutions:
Career in Indian Army
The Army offers both permanent and short service commissions. Permanent commission (PC) is granted through the Indian Military Academy (IMA) Dehradun and Short Service Commission (SSC) is granted through Officers Training Academy (OTA) Chennai. When you opt for 'PC', you are basically looking at a permanent career in the Army, a career till you retire. SSC is a wonderful option for all those of you who aspire to serve it for a few years. It gives you the option of joining the Army and serving as a commissioned officer for five years. Once your tenure is over, you are allowed to opt for PC. Alternatively, you can also ask for a five years extension and can choose to resign from your post any time during this period.
Thus, recruitment in Indian Army are undertaken in 4 forms:
Career in Indian Air Force
However, recruitment of Officers through Non- UPSC Entries is also conducted.For technical branches, women special entry scheme, National Cadet Corps (NCC) special entry scheme, service entries, recruitment is made directly through the Recruiting Directorate for the Indian Air Force.As an officer in the Indian Air Force you will strategise, lead and manage. Depending on your qualifications, you could join one of the various branches in the IAF. Broadly the Air Force has three branches with further sub-streams.
Career in Indian Navy
A job in the Navy offers you a chance to exploit your true potential as a professional - by learning new skills, acquiring unrivalled experience in the process of applying those skills, and making the most of Navy advancement.In the Indian Navy, you will find there's much more to be gained than a regular salary. In fact, the experience that you gain in the Navy can help you shape your future through outstanding financial benefits, unparalleled career potential, and the lifestyle of freedom and personal growth that you've been waiting for.
The broad classification of Navy Branches are as follows:
Career in Indian Navy Indian Coast Guard
Onboard a Coast Guard ship is engaging, adventurous and challenging experience for youngsters. From saving human lives at sea and assisting fishermen in peril, to apprehending poachers and preserving marine biodiversity, job satisfaction comes easy to a "Coast Guardsman". Each day at sea is filled with promise, and each mission is different in an inimitable way.
Career in Central Armed Police Forces
Indian Paramilitary forces have also recruit for various posts time to time. Following are the five Central Armed Police Forces which come under the preview of Ministry of Home Affairs.
· Border Security Force (BSF) is a Border Guarding Force of India. It is a Union Government Agency under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs. It is one of many law enforcement agencies of India. It currently stands as the world's largest border guarding force.
· Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) is a premier multi-skilled security agency which provides security cover to nuclear installations, space establishments, airports, seaports, power plants, sensitive Government buildings and ever heritage monuments.
· Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is an armed Force of the Union of India, with the basic role of striking reserve to assist the State/Union Territories in Police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency.
· Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is a specialized mountain Force and most of the officers & men are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers.
· Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is a Border Guarding Force (BGF) under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs. You can find detailed information pertaining to recruitment and career opportunities in the SSB.
· Assam Rifles (AR) is a potent organization with 46 battalions and its associated command and administrative back up. It is designated by the GoM committee as the Border Guarding Force for the Indo-Myanmaar border and is also its lead intelligence agency.
Career as a National Security Guard (NSG)
It is a task-oriented Force and has two complementary elements in the form of the Special Action Group (SAG) comprising Army personnel and the Special Ranger Groups (SRG), comprising personnel drawn from the Central Para Military Forces/State Police Force. All the personnel are on deputation.
Careers in the Indian Armed Forces, especially those of officer rank are seen as prestigious careers. Armed forces are seen as the defenders of the nation. If one is ideologically suited to such a career and considers oneself patriotic, then one may think about establishing a career in The Armed Forces.