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Ans. The very thought of owning one’s own business brings a rush of excitement and adrenaline. An entrepreneur starts selling some product or service from scratch, he is his own boss and his success relies only on his own merit and hard work. Interestingly, entrepreneurs are not just seen starting companies, but they are also playing constructive roles in various fields including education, in government sector and in the social sector. The term entrepreneur is commonly used to describe an individual who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on financial risk to do so. The responsibilities of an Entrepreneur include formulating ideas, planning, organizing staffing & controlling. Entrepreneurship and starting up is not a step by step, pre-planned, theory-oriented game. With the boom in Indian economy, the environment is just right to provide good scope for entrepreneurship. Anyone can make a head start as an entrepreneur as this field does not require any formal qualification. However, it is always better to pursue a bachelor’s degree. Aspirants wishing to become an entrepreneur can get training right after their 10+2. One can opt for BBA/BBS/BMS/BBM in Entrepreneurship or any other course for graduation and then can go for a Master’s in Entrepreneurship or an MBA degree in Family Business Management from Indiaor abroad. Courses in Entrepreneurship are available at Entrepreneurship Development Institute (EDI), Ahmedabad, Indian School of Business, Hyderabad, SP Jain School of Global Management, Mumbai, NirmaUniversity, Ahmedabad, NarseeMonjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, Amity University However, if you wish to pursue a course in Entrepreneurship from abroad, you can opt for Babson College, USA, Imperial College London, University of Warwick, UK, Trinity College, Ireland, Asian Institute of Management, Philippines. Apart from degrees in Entrepreneurship, you can also pursue Entrepreneurship programs such as TIE and Startup Saturday, which will open your minds to new possibilities and innovative ideas. However, to pursue a career as an Entrepreneur, only education would not be sufficient. You need to have the passion, the drive and a big idea to bring entrepreneurship to life. Most importantly, you also need to have proper funding because without it, getting your idea off the ground will be impossible. Getting the initial funding is usually easy: friends, family and you can put in the funding required to get your startup off the ground. Depending on the stage of the start-up, type of legal structure and maturity of the idea, there are various sources of funding as well. They includes seed and angel funds, big social impact Venture Capitalistssuch asOmidyar Network, Lok Capital and Aavishkaar, grant funding agencies and even debt funding.There are a number of organization including government organization such as Venture Capital Fund, NCFA India, CSR Departments like Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, The Skoll Foundation, DBS Foundation, ASEED, Ashoka Foundation, Social Entrepreneurship & Equity Development, which help young people to start up their own entrepreneurship firm. Apart from starting up your own firm, you can also opt for pursuing a career in the corporate world after graduating in Entrepreneurship, Now-a-days, recent entrepreneurship graduates are working in other Start-up companies for 3-4 years rather than starting their own ventures. Many institutes and companies give preference to those who have worked their way up from the grassroots level and have a background in entrepreneurism, therefore, making Entrepreneurship an appealing career option, even if a start-up is not an agenda!

Ans. Singapore’s education system has remained consistently at or near the top of most major world education ranking systems. The Ministry of Manpower has made a ‘Skills- In- Demand’ list emphasizing roles in ICT, healthcare and engineering, among others that welcome foreigners. Singapore also offers great career opportunities in logistics and supply chain management, hospitality management, marketing as well as hospitality in general terms. The government agency for Science, Technology, and Research provides generous funding for research which attracts top scientists and scientific companies. People are attracted by the abundance of banking positions on offer. The IT sector here is considered to be the leading sector with demands across all industries and at all levels. The job market is strong especially in engineering, life sciences, oil and gas, and ICT. The top four autonomous universities of Singapore include National University of Singapore, Singapore Management University, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore Institute of Technology, and Nanyang Technological University. In addition to these, there are several private universities, polytechnics and other Higher Education Institutions. To study in these universities, one should start with the application process around 6 to 8 months in advance. For those looking to get into study at the postgraduate level, this prepping process (that includes studying and taking tests like the GRE, SAT, GMAT, IELTS, and the TOEFL) should be on-going in your final year of college. For students looking to study abroad in the undergraduate level, the right time for application to University will be at the mid of your twelfth grade. Search the site for their online application for international students. Universities generally have a portion of their website dedicated to international students. Before you get started with your application form, make sure you read their international entry requirements section clearly. For Indians, this little island meets almost all features of a familiar culture, weather and World-class Universities. Tuition fees and living expenses are less compared to the USA and the UK. One might end up paying S$5000 to S$ 20000 approximately for 6 months to 2 years Diploma course, S$ 24000 to S$55000 approximately for 2 to 4 years Bachelor Degree course and S$ 18,500 to S$ 30000 approximately for 1 to 1.5 years Master Degree Course. If you are studying 5 years Medical and Dental courses in Singapore, you might end up paying subsidized tuition fee with an obligation to work for 3 years in Singapore under The Tuition Grant Bond. A lot of scholarship options are available as well. Singapore offers zero tolerance to racism and drugs. The country’s strict law enforcement policy and stable political environment offers students a lot of safety. Also, with good academic performance, chances of securing a job in Singapore are high. With its highly affordable education and top-notch courses in computer science, law and animation, Singapore is an excellent study destination for Indian students. Additionally, institutions from the USA, UK and Australia including Manchester Business School- Singapore, MIT-Singapore, Baruch College, City University of New York, The Culinary Institute of America- Singapore, Bond University, Zhejiang University- China, SP Jain-Singapore, and many more have opened satellite campuses in Singapore to offer their courses at a subsidized cost. With so many positive factors in place, Singapore is all set to become the number one study abroad destination for Asian students.

Ans. After gradation, 1 ½ Year Certificate Programs in food production are offered by several Food Craft Institutes at Ajmer, Chandigarh, Darjeeling, Faridabad, Udaipur, Pondichery and Haryana available to one interested to make a career as a chef. Various apprenticeship Programs to train chefs are offered by the professional culinary institutes and industry associations One can also joined ‘Graduate Entry offered by Oberoi, welcomegroup, Taj & other chains of hotels. One should try to work for at least 4 – 5 hours on a weekly basis or on weekends in some hotel / restaurant. This will give one an edge over other students when one is out in the job market, since employers to those with some work experience give preference. One should be very clear and focused from the very beginning about one’s area of specification. Essentially, there are three areas of specification which one can take up cold kitchen; hot kitchen and bakery confectionary. The cold kitchen area consist of salads, cold meat, butter sculpture, vegetables, fruit carvings done with hand, etc, hot kitchen area include gravies, tandoories, roasting, grilling and sauces. Pastries, cookies, etc, come under bakery and confectionery. It is always preferable to specialize in a particular cuisine like Chinese, continental or mughlai.

Ans. Both are equally good. I will suggest you to go for the one which you like or which interests you the most. Firstly understand these careers & opportunities. Career planning starts after understanding oneself and not by looking at the options. So first understand your aptitude, personality, abilities, interests and what you value. MBA Media Management deals with account planning and management/brand management, media planning and management and market research. It provide knowledge of media management, encompassing media technology and it’s basic components as well as market studies, business development, organization and economics to beat the competition in the mass media market. After completing a course in Media management there are numerous job options available. One can seek employment in sectors such as radio, print journalism, publishing, public relations, research, advertising and television. You can apply for Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Asian Academy of film Television, Rizvi College of Journalism, Bhartia Vidya Bhavan-Delhi MBA in Fashion focuses on fashion merchandising and management, visual presentation, store management, and marketing strategies. Students study modules like - consumer behavior, trend analysis, fashion forecasting, market research methodologies, fashion promotion or PR, branding and brand management, creative presentation programs, fashion psychographics and visual merchandising techniques. Graduates are employed in positions leading to careers as costume designer, fashion buyers, fashion consultant, personal stylist, production managers, product developers, quality control managers, designer, graphic designer, production pattern maker, fashion coordinator, visual merchandisers, store managers and transportation/distribution managers, purchasing agents, show room sales representative. After gaining experience some people successfully open and run their own ventures. You can apply for National Institute of Fashion Technology, NIIfT-Mohli, IAM-Gurgaon, Pearl Academy, School of Fashion Technology. Both have good prospects. Select one which fits you better as an individual.

Ans. Career for cricket commentators are not easily available to freshers, you may have to initially work in a broader field, even within sports. With some perseverance and the right breaks you should be able to get your foot in the door. As a cricket commentator you must be able to think your feet and improvise between shots as 15-16 powerful cameras track every movement of the ball and the cricketers on the field. And since the commentary is broadcast live there is absolutely no room for errors. The commentator must have a thorough knowledge of the game, peppering the conversation with interesting statistics besides entertaining the audience with anecdotes and a bit of tongue-in-cheek during a dull match. It’s very important to develop your own distinctive style. Make sure you keep up with the latest developments in the game and also brush up your cricketing history, cricket terminology, player- profile, records, players past performance, technique, so that you can converse easily and knowledgeably on various aspects of the game. Besides, you must practice speaking aloud pacing and modulating your delivery into a tape recorder, remember to get your pronunciation right. An excellent command over the language (English) is essential. Most of your learning happens on the job. But if you are not so confident, you may go for a stint of training to improve your voice culture, diction, modulation and intonation, although it’s not mandatory. Keenly listen to the top commentators to observe how they whip up fever pitch excitement. Rather than going for a break in TV, look for openings in radio, particularly in the private FM channels. You can start by writing one or a two-minute scripts for radio programmes and use that as a launching pad for furthering your career. A course in sports journalism also could help, or some of the other media courses like anchoring, mass communication, radio jockeying courses. In the cricket field most of the ex - cricketer are doing cricket commentary As they understand the game, its history, terminology & technique. Most of the good institute are in UK & Australia. If you are not a First Class/International cricket player, firstly do Mass Communication/Journalism in INDIA and than go for Masters from outside country.

Ans. if you love computer games and enjoy using your imagination, this could be ideal for you. Computer games developers produce games for PCs and games consoles. They also produce games for the internet and mobile phones. To become a computer games developer, you will need to have creativity and imagination. You’ll also need to be able to work under pressure and to deadlines. Making a video game is just not easy as playing a game. Designing a game is a long, multifaceted process which involves the combined effort of a team of professionals with a unique mixture of creative and technical skills. It is one of the most complex part of software development which involves various aspects of development of the game like- outlining the concept, documenting rules and principles, development of graphics and so on. There a five main departments at a game company-Art, Design, Prgramming, Sound & Support. Art department, for example, are often divided into 2D and 3D art, and animation, while the programming team may be spilt up to focus on Artificial Intelligence, Technology, and Gameplay. In the Art department, you need to first pick a dimension(2D & 3D). 2D Artists make tiles, textures & skins for 3D models. 3D Artists make in-world models like humans, humanoids, vehicles, or other inanimate objects. In the design department, designers create the game world & its architecture inside a 2D or 3D level editor. Programmers write the code using visual C++ & the sound designer compose & implement a game’s music & sound effects. The typical software used are 3D studio Max, Soft Image, Light wave 3D, Photoshop, DirectX, OpenGL Maya, Cubase VST, Sound Forge 40, C++, C#, Java and Action Script & Vegas. For creative people (in art & design departments) a fine arts degree (BFA) can help. Real world. experience with a portfolio can be useful. For programming, basic courses like BCA, BSc.( Comp. Sc.), or even Engineering is fine. You can do B.Sc. in IT /Computer Science or BCA/MCA than you can do the Courses ( PG Dip.) for Game Development from Private Institute like ICAT- Chennai, Hydrabad; DSK International – Pune, Maya Academy & Arena Multimedia etc. In the gaming industry, one can find job openings in small or large organizations, corporations and design firms. Numerous established companies like Synapse, Smackall, Ishir Infotech, Csharks, Dhruva Interactive, Paprikaas Interactive Services etc., which designs mobile phone games, online games and video games, offer excellent opportunities for professionals in game designing.

Ans 1. It is extremely important that youth begins to shoulder the responsibilities of growing the country rather than escaping from them. Our country, apparently, needs young politicians with clarity of thought and decision making abilities to trigger quicker progress. The best and maybe the worst part about opting politics as a career is that it does not need any formal education or degree unlike other professions. Anyone with an ability to absorb knowledge and work for welfare of the public is eligible to serve the country and more than a billion people. Though, becoming a politician does not require any specialization or training, there are some courses offered by Delhi University and other institutes in this field. These may be certificate courses or diploma courses or even degree courses. The following ways can be undertaken a) Participation in Youth Politics : one can join ABVP & NSUI during the college time & then try to build up. B) Do a course like BA LLB/B.A Political Science & do a Master in Political Leadership ( from MIT-Pune) c) 2 year M.A. in Politics and International Relations d) 1 year M.Phil. in Politics and International Studies e) Ph.D in Politics and Economics f) Short-term course on ‘Politics in India’ from DU

Ans. 6 KPO, Knowledge Process Outsourcing, is a new wave in global outsourcing, which has evolved as an intellectual cousin of BPO. KPO deals with off shoring of high-end jobs in order to save costs and increase operational efficiencies. India has a huge amount of intellectual resources and specialized expertise, which makes it a one of the most favorite destinations. With the recent boom in financial services industry and in part, owing to the Global Research Analyst Settlement 2004, most of the back-office functions of the big investment banks and research/ratings providers have been outsourced to India. India suddenly emerged as the forerunner for this kind of jobs mainly due to the following reasons. 1) India has a legacy of English education system that is much better than many other countries- some institutes such as IITs/IIMs and other specialized institutions such as ICAI/ICWAI and the ilk have created a good recognition among the western counterparts and these institutions have churned readily employable graduate pool very successfully over the years. 2) The wage rates in India would always be 1/40th the cost for a US company and close to 1/80th for a UK based company- offering huge cost savings without letting the quality of work to suffer. 3) Typically most of the investment banking back office operations need to take place after the day’s business is over but these operations need to be over by the time the next business day starts and India being 9.5/11 hours (adjusting for winter time correction) ahead for US based companies or 4.5/5.5 hours (adjusting for winter time correction) ahead for UK based companies, the time zone differential works out to be a fantastic advantage. The KPO sector can be divided into 8 segments and there are huge of amount of career opportunities in each one of them like Legal services, Financial services, Writing and content development, Market research and Analytics, Pharmaceutical and biotech R&D, Education and training, Health services. One should have the following skills if one wants to work in a KPO like Good communication ability, Strong command over English language, Enunciation ability, Interpersonal skill like listening, questioning and intonating, Knowledge of computers and online research skills, Some job specific skill like writing ability, In-depth domain expertise, analyzing raw data, report creation etc. People with science background are preferred more as they have an aptitude for mathematics and natural flair for science and research. But there are no specific qualifications required in a KPO. Some preferred professional categories and qualifications are MBA,(HR, IT, Finance, Marketing, IB etc), Doctors, Engineers (B.E, B.Tech, M Tech), Lawyers, Teachers, Chartered accountants, Economists, Architects, Journalists, PHD

Ans. Packaging technology is the art Science & Technology of protecting or enclosing products for distribution, storage, sale and use. It is the branch of engineering which is related to all the aspects of product packaging. It includes designing, developing, marketing and also testing of packages. Gradually packing came into existence to take care of food, medicine and cosumer goods and also protects products from contamination, from environmental damages and from theft. Facilitate transportation and storing of products. Carry information and colourful design that make attractive dsiplays etc. It is the work of packaging engineers to make goods covers what they look like. Almost every goods manufacturing company (like positive Packaging) has a department of packaging which consist of packaging engineers. Their work is to design and produce the packages that may be a plastic wrap, or a paper bag, or a box package. After diploma in Packaging Technology from Govt. Polytechnic then, you can do B.Tech by lateral entry, there is direct admission in second year, and also you can receive the B.Tech degree JNTU CET ( Jawahar Lal Nehru Technical University)-Hyderabad, after the passing the relevant exams. IITs does not provide lateral entry in Packaging technology after Diploma. Most of the top institutes like Indian Institute of Packaging Technology –Calcutta, Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai & banglore provide 1 year, 2 year, 3 year diploma in Packaging Technology,

Ans. Tourism Management is the study of Subjects like Management concepts & organization behaviour, Transport Management, Tourism Marketing, Geography & International tourism, Travel Agency Management, Tourism Economics, Tourism policy, planning and development. Specialized courses are available from Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management (IITTM), under Ministry of Tourism, Govt of India is one of the premier educational institutes of Tourism and allied services in India. The course available are PG Dip. in Travel & Tourism, MBA Travel & Tourism and MTA. It offers graduates lots of job opportunities both in the public and private sector. In the public sector, there are opportunities in the Directorates and Departments of Tourism of the center and the state as Officers, information assistants, Tourist guides etc. Another good prospectus for qualified tourism professionals are in the private sector with product manager at a tour operator, project manager at a fair, events and conferences , manager of a certain destination, employee in the marketing or event department of a tourism company, hotels, motels, travel agencies, laundry services, Guides, Interpreters, Tourism promotion and sales, cruise lines, transport and cargo, airline catering, or a resort company.

Ans. A photographer uses images to tell a story or record an event. He or she photographs people, places, events and objects. Many photographers specialize in portrait, commercial, scientific photography & photojournalism. A professional photographer should have adequate knowledge about light, color, shades, human expressions, visual effect, nature, wildlife and also computer software knowledge like Photoshop etc . If you are looking for photography as a career then you can do BFA in Photography from Osmania University and also Degree course from Fergusson College, Pune, Utkal University or diploma in photography from NIFT, Light & Life Academy-Ooty, Pearl Academy, India International Photographic Council, Triveni Kala Sangam-Delhi, Jamia Millia Islamia.

Ans. If you looking for event management courses you can do diploma in event management after XIIth from EMDI - Mumbai, NIEM- Mumbai, Amity - Delhi National Academy of Event Management & Development-Jaipur but most of the good institute for Event Management placed in Bombay & The industry has been taking BBAs, MBAs, simple graduates or people with almost any background. Post Graduate Diplomas are available at some institutes. A career route which individuals can look at is – Do volunteer work with small event management companies & then pitch for jobs with big companies or even start off as an entrepreneur.

Ans. Audio engineering deals with the basic principles of sound and voices. It is very vast and interesting field as it deals with the music, movies and theatre. Audio engineering consists of equipments to record, capture, mix, and reproduce the sound and voices using mechanical devices. Audio engineering which is also termed as sound engineering is being divided into several parts such as acoustics, electronics and designers and people can choose their career according to the field of their interest. There are many opportunities for those who are well qualified in theoretical and practical applications, software aspects and technical knowledge of sound. Films, Video production, Sound broadcasting and advertising are some of the fields which have immense opportunity for audio engineers to grow and build their career in. It is one of the rewarding fields and after experience a person can make a good career out of it. After XIIth (PCM), one can go in for Diploma/Gradation in Sound Engineering from FTII (Film & Television Institute of India-Pune), Film & Television of Tamil Nadu-Chennai, Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute-Kolkata. SAE- Banglore/Mumbai/Chennai, After B.Tech in (Electrical/ Electronics/ Instrumentation/ IT and Computer Science Engineering) you can do M.Tech in Media & Sound Engineering from IIT-Kharagpur

Ans. Today every Student should undergo Career counseling before taking any Career decision in order to plan their career effectively to achieve heights on success in professional arena. It’s also important to understand diversified options available today. Getting a professional Counseling helps the students to get a direction if they are struggling to find one or need help to plan their career already taken in a more scientific and methodical manner. In the last decade, there has been a rise, especially in metropolitan cities, families are seeking advice and counseling from a professional career counselor. Career Counseling has emerged as a big field with a number of online & offline players. That’s the reason there is a great scope & opportunities for you in this field. Basic procedure for getting into this field is, first you should complete your graduation then go for masters in psychology from Ambedkar University, Amity University, Annamalai University, IGNOU for non psychology graduate or M.A. in Career Counselling from Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development- Tamil Nadu, Bharathia University-Tamil Nadu & Diplom in Guidance & Counselling from NCERT-Delhi, Along with your masters you can simultaneously work with any reputed career counseling firm. Get experience of around 2-3 years , then you will have different options like you can work with any educational institutions or you can work as a free lancer with different schools, colleges, institutes, NGO’s, Private Counseling firms. You can also start your own career counseling firm also.

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